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Discover Rethymnon... on Foot

Author: Berend Wolffenbuttel Toine van der Meijden

 

Publisher: Berend Wolffenbuttel & Toine van der Meijden

 

Price: 10,00 € 9,00 €

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Publish date: April 2016
Type: Paperback
Pages: 56
Dimensions: 21x14cm

ISBN

  •  978-618-81205-7-0

Description

The seventh book in the series Discover...on Foot, Discover Rethymnon...on Foot will be available beginning of April 2016. With this guidebook you will discover the beautiful city of Rethymnon and get a taste of the walking possibilities outside the city. Two city walks will lead you through the interesting sites and monuments in the old part of the city. You will discover Venetian and Turkish sites and buildings and walk along small alleys where few tourists will go! Two other city walks will show you interesting parts out of the old part of the city. A fishing harbour, old tanneries, the Mastaba mosque are some examples where the other walks will bring you to.

3 interesting country walks start about 7 km out of the city, in the village of Chromonastiri. These walks give you the chance to get a flavour of the natural beauty of the Rethymnon countryside, with its green valleys, amazing views, very old churches and the famous Myli gorge with its many watermills!

 The city of Rethymno

Rethymno (Greek: Ρέθυμνο, [ˈreθimno], also Rethimno, Rethymnon, Réthymnon, and Rhíthymnos) is a city of approximately 40,000 people in Greece, the capital of Rethymno regional unit on the island of Crete. It was built in antiquity (ancient Rhithymna and Arsinoe), but was never a competitive Minoan centre. It was, however, strong enough to mint its own coins and maintain urban growth. One of these coins is today depicted as the crest of the town with two dolphins in a circle.This region as a whole is rich with ancient history, most notably through the Minoan civilisation centred at Kydonia east of Rethymno.

Rethymno itself began a period of growth when the Venetian conquerors of the island decided to put an intermediate commercial station between Heraklion and Chania, acquiring its own bishop and nobility in the process. Today's old town (palia poli) is almost entirely built by the Venetians. It is one of the best preserved old towns in Crete.

The town still maintains its old aristocratic appearance, with its buildings dating from the 16th century, arched doorways, stone staircases, Byzantine and Hellenic-Roman remains, the small Venetian harbour and narrow streets. The Venetian Loggia houses the information office of the Ministry of Culture. A Wine Festival is held there annually at the beginning of July. Another festival, in memory of the destruction of the Arkadi Monastery, is held on 7–8 November.

The city's Venetian-era citadel, the Fortezza, is one of the best-preserved castles in Crete. Other monuments include the Neratze mosque (the Municipal Odeon arts centre), the Great Gate (Μεγάλη Πόρτα, Porta Guora), the Piazza Rimondi (Rimondi square) and the Venetian Loggia.

The town was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1646 and was ruled by it for almost three centuries. The town (Resmo in Turkish) was the centre of a sanjak during Ottoman rule.

During the Battle of Crete (20–30 May 1941), the Battle of Rethymno was fought between German paratroopers and Australian and Greek forces. Although initially unsuccessful, the Germans won the battle after receiving reinforcements from Maleme in the Northwestern part of the island

Today the city's main income is from tourism, many new facilities having been built in the past 20 years. Agriculture is also notable, especially for olive oil and other Mediterranean products.